What Your Baby Should Be Able To Do From One To Two years

Content Team

Isn’t it exciting when your baby grows so fast  from babbling incoherent sounds to clear words that you can understand? Just the mention of the word ‘mama' and ‘dada’ is a thing of joy to parents.

Meeting a childhood milestone is very vital to measuring growth and development. For many parents, it is easy to take the sofa approach to developmental milestones especially when the child has crossed the crawling and walking stage which is usually a more evident feature. It is necessary to pay attention to the characteristics that your child should exhibit at a certain age range.

Here is a language milestone checklist loosely based on the National Institutes of Health, USA guidelines;

At age one

  • Listens when you speak
  • Gives you attention when you call his/her name
  • Obey and act on simple instructions, such as 'stop that!'
  • Responds to simple requests, for instance, 'bring it to me!'
  • Understands common words when used with gestures e.g. “bye bye!”
  • Can link pictures with words and sounds, for instance, 'bird chirps!'
  • Imitates you when you laugh and may try to sing along with you
  • Babbles with intention and gives her own words to objects.
  • She starts using nouns most exclusively
  • Says 2 to 3 words asides “mama” and “dada”
  • She imitates familiar words
  • Calls you out instead of crying for attention
  • She is able to participate in games involving other children and adult, like hide and seek and passing the ball

Red flags

She does not respond to you when you call her name?

He babbles little or not at all?

At age Two

  • Can point out some body parts
  • She can bring objects from another room when asked
  • Nods “yes” and shakes head for “no”
  • She has an understanding of more words than she can say
  • She can answer simple questions like “where is the door?”
  • Enjoys listening to stories
  • Understands when you use deniers like 'no' and 'don't'
  • She can repeat sounds, e.g. say ”meow” and points towards a cat
  • Asks for food or toys using their pet words
  • Uses single words more frequently than sentences
  • She uses words like “more” if she likes something repeated
  • Begins to use words like “I”, “me” and “you”
  • She can combine two words such as “mummy, Hi!”, 'no-no'

Red flags

When your child still unable to speak?

Your child prefers to be alone

Your child uses more gestures than words.

You are not sure if she understands what you are saying.

This checklist was drawn up from a close observation of children in this age group where about 90% did display all these qualities outlined above.

But if your child shows milestone indications of being red flagged it is important that you take your child to see a pediatrician that would diagnose the problem and refer you for appropriate treatment and therapy.