How To Handle Early Pregnancy Loss

Content Team

Pregnancy is a thing of joy especially if you are actively trying to conceive.

It is evidence that your baby dance was successful and a huge relieve to you and your spouse that your efforts at baby making have not been in vain. Sadly, somethings can go wrong leading to early pregnancy loss. Early pregnancy loss is a common occurrence that happens within the first 13 weeks and before 20 weeks of pregnancy.  It is also known as chemical pregnancy, spontaneous abortion. Most people call it a miscarriage.

Causes of Early Pregnancy Loss

  • An abnormal number of chromosomes in the embryo: The sperm and egg contain 23 pairs each when there is the presence of more than 46 chromosomes during fertilization the embryo will not be able to grow leading to a loss.
  • Smoking, alcohol, and caffeine: Women, who smoke, drink or have spouses and partners that do this are at huge risk of early pregnancy loss. Smoking, taking alcohol and caffeine are dangerous to the health and growth of the embryo. It is best to avoid them when you are trying to conceive, pregnancy and even breastfeeding.
  • Hormonal problems, infections or maternal health problems
  • Improper implantation of the egg into the uterine lining
  • Mother’s age: The older a woman is the higher her chances of experiencing early pregnancy loss
  • Maternal trauma
  • Hormonal and immune system problems
  • Uterine abnormalities such as cervical inefficiency
  • Women who have Diabetes and Thyroid problem

Exercising moderately, working, sex and previous use of birth control does not lead to early pregnancy loss.

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Signs and Symptoms of Early Pregnancy Loss

Bleeding: This is the commonest sign of early pregnancy loss. The challenge with this is that it could be difficult to discern if the bleeding signifies implantation or negative sign of pregnancy loss or ectopic pregnancy so it is better you to see your doctor.

  • Severe cramps
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Back pain

If this signs and symptoms of early pregnancy loss worsens then it may be an indication of an infection.

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What to Do When There Is an Early Pregnancy Loss

When you go to this your doctor after observing the signs of a pregnancy loss. The following procedures are likely to be followed depending on the severity of your case.

  • A physical examination
  • Ultrasound examination and HCG test to check the level of human chorionic gonadotrophin your blood. A decrease in this hormone confirms the loss.
  • Treatment for pregnancy loss may involve waiting it out while the tissue comes out naturally or carrying out a Dilation and Curettage( D&C) or Vacuum aspiration These surgical methods are often resorted to if you have an infection from the pregnancy loss. Alternatively, you may be given some medications that can cause the body to expel the remaining tissue in the uterus.
  • After a stipulated time given to you by your doctor, another ultrasound or blood test will be conducted to confirm that all the tissues have been fully expelled out of the body.
  • You will be counselled not to insert anything into your private part for sometimes as you recover from the loss.
  • If your blood type is Rh negative, you will need to receive an injection of Rh immunoglobulin after the pregnancy loss to prevent issues arising in the next pregnancy if you are Rh-negative and the baby is Rh positive.

Early pregnancy loss is not the end of the road to having those children you always dreamt of. You and your spouse can start trying as soon as your doctor gives you permission to proceed.

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Many women who have experienced early pregnancy loss have gone on to have children. You can too!