Baby Health

5 Signs Of Down Syndrome In Kids

When a child is born with down syndrome the mother might not notice. As a mother your only focus is on how sweet your baby is and might not actually notice that your child’s appearance is different. Although your pediatrician immediately knows that something is different.

A syndrome has characteristics that are consistently found together. Frequently this is associated with a change in genetics.  Down syndrome was “discovered” by finding consistent features and physical characteristics that were consistently together along with a mental disability.

Below are a list of characteristics of down as inspired by noahsdad syndrome, although the presence of one alone does not indicate down syndrome.

 

1. Up turned palpebral fissures 

 

Instead of the outer corner of the eye to be down, it will be turned up. This is often referred to as almond shaped eyes just like that of an Asian. This is the most predominant feature of Down syndrome as your child grows up. Look at your own eyes in the mirror to see how the fissure typically points down.

Another thing you’ll notice about their eyes is the presence of brushfield spots, the white flecks close to the periphery of the iris (the colored part) of the eye. One of the obvious characteristics of down syndrome is palpebral fissures.

2. Flat Profile

When you look at a down syndrome baby from the side there will not be much curve from the nose, cheeks or mouth. And when you look at the baby from the front the cheeks seem to hang on the face. This is due to the poor tone in the muscles of the face and is actually a characteristic of hypotonia rather than a true Down syndrome marker. Often times, they frequently leave their mouth hanging open and stick out their tongue.

3. Protruding Tongue

Babies born with down syndrome stick out their tongue and their parents may find it hard to understand why this is so.  The child is frequently sticking out his/her tongue either because of a small mouth, large tongue, or simply poor tone. You will have to frequently take your child to a speech therapist to they can help your child keep in their inside their mouth and also work on their speech development.

4.  Single Palmar Crease

Although people believe that single palmar crease or simian crease is a characteristic common to all children with down syndrome but this is not true. Only 45% of children have a simian crease, but if your child doesn’t have the simian crease that doesn’t mean your child doesn’t have down syndrome. Those who don’t have the crease don’t as a result of hypotonia, that is the hand was not held in a tight fist while he/she was growing in the womb.

5. Hypotonia

Several of the features above are from hypotonia and not actually an unmistakable physical marker of Down syndrome. Hypotonia will be the biggest challenge during the first few years and will be the reason for your frequent therapy sessions. You have to feel hypotonia; it is hard to diagnosis from pictures.

Your baby will feel floppy or limp. When you hold him or her, it feels like they are going to slip through your hands or arms.  If you lay them across your hand, they will look like a wet noodle rather than being able to hold their form.

This will affect every muscle from face to ankles. Tummy time is your new best friend and child’s worst enemy as it will help your baby build head control and be the first building block for their development. The good thing about hypotonia is that your child will cuddle you a lot, like melt into your body.

Despite all these features, the only comment people will give you is “what a cute kid” No one will ever ask you “does your child have down syndrome?” So relax and take care of your baby.
Photo credit: brownswissmomma

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How My Baby Died From Severe Pneumonia

My baby was healthy. She had fever for two days and I was going to bring her to the doctor the next morning, but she started vomiting at midnight so we brought her to the hospital immediately.

When they got to the hospital, the medical staff hooked her baby to an IV, through which they gave her a medication to stop severe vomiting.

The next day, around noon, her baby started throwing up again. The medication didn’t work. She had asked for help, but there was only one nurse on duty as most of the staff had left to attend a party.

“We were calling out for help but no one helped us. I had to carry my child all the way to the emergency room because the doctors were there and we were in a ward,” she said, adding how her baby was struggling to breathe.

The only nurse on duty hooked her baby to a nebuliser, but it was too late. She recalls screaming for help, but they couldn’t save her baby.

Her baby, who she describes was perfectly healthy, had died because her lungs had filled up with phlegm, making it impossible for her to breathe.

Contrary to popular believe pneumonia is not caused by cold weather or getting wet but it is actually an infection. A cold or flu that gets worse can turn into pneumonia. That’s because the cold or flu will irritate the lungs, creating an environment where it’s easier for pneumonia germs to move in and start an infection.

  • The cause of pneumonia can either be fungi, bacterial, or viral.
  • It can be prevented through vaccination, proper nutrition, and through providing the proper environment: avoiding pollution and practicing good hygiene.
  • Exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life has also been found to help.
  • If the cause of the condition is bacterial in nature, it can be treated with antibiotics. Sadly, only 1/3 of children diagnosed with pneumonia receive the needed antibiotics.

Normally, pneumonia begins as a mild cough or sore throat, much like other respiratory infections.

  • fever (usually above 38.5°C)
  • shivering
  • cough
  • rapid breathing
  • wheezing
  • difficulty breathing
  • chest or abdominal pain
  • poor appetite
  • exhaustion
  • vomiting
  • dehydration

However, it’s important for parents to know that there is a type of pneumonia, or what is known as Walking Pneumonia, that is so mild and subtle that those who have it barely show any symptoms. Though not easily detected, it can be treated with antibiotics. 

Pneumonia can affect anyone of any age, if you notice any of these symptoms in your child or even yourself be sure to visit the hospital as soon as possible to get it treated.  

Source: The Asian Parent 

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